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30-30 VS 308 — Insight on the Winchester Rounds

Picking rifles and ammunition for hunting is a task that requires utmost consideration. Unfortunately, it is not uncommon that people find out that they chose wrong when they are already in the field. Our experts are here to help you prevent such a situation, and so you can make the right choice between the 30-30 and the 308 Winchester.

30-30 or 308?

Best for Deer Hunting
30-30
Best for Big Games Hunting
308
30-30
308
It has an average kill power enough to take down a deer with a single shot. It has good ballistics. It is also effective when fired with several rifle types while also being very cheap.
It is a bigger round with relatively high power and a high-velocity traveling bullet. It is recommended for big games hunting and long-distance killing. Also, it is fired effectively from lever-action rifles.
Best for Deer Hunting
30-30
30-30
It has an average kill power enough to take down a deer with a single shot. It has good ballistics. It is also effective when fired with several rifle types while also being very cheap.
Best for Big Games Hunting
308
308
It is a bigger round with relatively high power and a high-velocity traveling bullet. It is recommended for big games hunting and long-distance killing. Also, it is fired effectively from lever-action rifles.

Features Comparison: 30-30 and 308

The famous designer, Winchester, designed the 30-30 Winchester. This ammo has been around as far back as 1895. Designed for smokeless powder, it is a rimmed and bottlenecked rifle cartridge.

The 308 Winchester was designed by the same Winchester for smokeless powder as well. However, it is a rimless and bottlenecked rifle cartridge.

Size and Dimensions

The 30-30 round is 64.8mm long, with the case covering 51.8mm of the length. It has a rim diameter of 12.9mm, base diameter of 10.7mm, 10.2mm shoulder diameter, 8.4mm neck diameter, and a bullet measuring 7.8mm in diameter.

The 308 Winchester has a full length of 71.1mm with a 51.2mm long case. The rim measures 12.01mm in diameter, 11.96mm diameter base, 11.53mm diameter shoulder, 8.72mm diameter neck, and a bullet measuring 7.8mm in diameter.

Velocity

Another thing to consider in the 30-30 vs 308 analysis is their velocity. The 11g 30-30 Winchester fired from a Marlin model 336 rifle was measured by our experts to reach 2,225fps.

Meanwhile, an 11g 308 Winchester round fired from a Winchester model 70 rifle was able to clock the velocity of 2,645fps.

Winner: .308 Winchester

Energy and Power

Having considered the velocity, the energy and power delivery of the rounds is another factor for consideration. Otherwise, the 308 vs 30-30 test will be incomplete.

 

Bullet shell casing

The 30-30 Winchester is a moderate power round, and its energy delivery was measured at 1,873ft-lbf.

The 308 Winchester, however, has an immensely overwhelming energy disbursement measured at 2,718ft-lbf. This is relatively huge in comparison to the 30-30 Winchester. You should take note that it has more size, cartridge powder capacity, and velocity, which all contribute to such an amount of energy.

Winner: .308 Winchester

Recoil

The 30-30 Winchester is known for its low recoil. When put to the test by our experts, the round’s shot produced a recoil power of 9.5 foot pounds.

The 308 Winchester, in contrary, gave a relatively heavier kickback measuring as much as 15.6 foot-pounds of recoil. This is approximately 50 percent higher recoil than its 30-30 counterpart.

Winner: 30-30 Winchester

Cost

Generally, the 308 Winchester costs more per box than the 30-30. Although the price difference could vary from store to store, on an average, the 300 Winchester costs almost double the price of the 30-30.

Winner: 30-30 Winchester

FAQ

What is the difference between 30-30 and 308?

The difference between the 30-30 and 308 is that the 30-30 is a slightly smaller round compared to the 300. The 30-30 has considerably enough power and ballistics while the 308 has a relatively high power, velocity and recoil.

What is bigger: a 30 30 or 308?

The bigger round is the 308 Winchester, with a bullet mass between 125gr and 185gr. The 30-30 is only available in 110gr to 170gr.

Overall Winner: 30-30

30-30 Winchester

The 30-30 is a moderate round to help achieve your hunting goals. It does not carry any feature in excess – just enough to get the job done. When you have to choose between the two cartridges for deer hunting, the 30-30 is the round for you.

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